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Metal Plants Feeding Europe’s Factories Face an Existential Crisis

‘,panelEmptyTemplate=’

{emptyPanelMsg}

‘,panelErrorTemplate=’

{errorMsg}

‘,panelParentTemplate=”,notifOnboardPromoTemplate=”,EXPANDED_PANEL=”expanded_panel”,ERROR_PANEL=”error_panel”,NotificationView=function(){function e(n,t){classCallCheck(this,e);var i=this;i._config=n,i._panelNode=null,i._store=t}return createClass(e,[{key:”_generatePanelMarkup”,value:function(e,n){var t=this._config,i=void 0,o=void 0;”undefined”!=typeof window&&(i=window.Notification&&”default”===window.Notification.permission,o=t.promos.bypassEligibleClassCheck||hasClass(document.body,t.promos.eligibleBodyClass));var r=t.promos.enableNotifOnboard&&i&&o?notifOnboardPromoTemplate:””;if(r){var s=t.promos.showYahooLogo?””:”yns-no-logo”;r=r.replace(“{notifOnboardBtnLabel}”,t.promos.notifOnboardBtnLabel).replace(“{notifOnboardMsg}”,t.promos.notifOnboardMsg).replace(“{subscriptionTopic}”,t.promos.subscriptionTopic).replace(“{noLogoClass}”,s).replace(“{promoLogo}”,t.promos.promoLogo)}var a=n.newCount>t.panel.maxCount?n.newCount:””,c=t.panel.notificationCenterPath,l=c?””:constants.panelHideElement,d=t.panel.headerMsg?””:” “+constants.panelHideElement,u=c?constants.panelPaddingBtm:””,p=void 0;n.count?p=n.markup:p=panelEmptyTemplate.replace(“{emptyPanelMsg}”,t.panel.emptyPanelMsg);return e=e.replace(“{notifMarkup}”,p).replace(“{promoMarkup}”,r).replace(“{hideClass}”,l).replace(“{notifCenterLink}”,c).replace(“{paddingClass}”,u).replace(“{headerMsg}”,t.panel.headerMsg).replace(“{hideHeaderClass}”,d).replace(/{notificationCenterNavMsg}/g,t.panel.notificationCenterNavMsg).replace(/{newCount}/g,a)}},{key:”render”,value:function(e,n){var t=this;if(t._panelNode){var i=void 0,o=t._panelNode,r=void 0,s=void 0;switch(e){case EXPANDED_PANEL:i=panelTemplate,s=t._store.getNotifications(),r=t._generatePanelMarkup(i,s),o.innerHTML=r;break;case ERROR_PANEL:r=(i=panelErrorTemplate).replace(“{errorMsg}”,t._config.panel.errorMsg),o.innerHTML=r}n&&n()}else n&&n(new Error(“No panel parent”))}},{key:”createPanelParentNode”,value:function(e){e&&(e.innerHTML=panelParentTemplate,this._panelNode=document.getElementById(constants.panelNodeId))}},{key:”updateBadgeNode”,value:function(e){if(e){var n=this._store.getNotifications().newCount,t=this._config.badge.maxCount;if(n){var i=n>t?t+”+”:n;e.innerHTML=i}else e.innerHTML=””}}},{key:”addStyles”,value:function(e){if(e&&”undefined”!=typeof window){var n=document.getElementById(this._config.panel.styleTagId);n||((n=document.createElement(“style”)).type=”text/css”,n.id=this._config.panel.styleTagId,n.innerText=e,document.head.appendChild(n))}}}]),e}(),EXPANDED_PANEL$1=”expanded_panel”,ERROR_PANEL$1=”error_panel”,PanelController=function(){function e(n,t,i){classCallCheck(this,e);var o=this;o._store=t,o._view=i,o._config=n;var r=o._config.panel;o._panelParentNode=document.querySelector(r.parentSelector),o._badgeNode=o._config.badge.selector&&document.querySelector(o._config.badge.selector),o._indicatorNode=r.indicatorSelector&&document.querySelector(r.indicatorSelector)}return createClass(e,[{key:”createPanelParentNode”,value:function(){this._view.createPanelParentNode(this._panelParentNode),this._notifPanelNode=document.getElementById(constants.panelNodeId)}},{key:”refreshPanelNode”,value:function(e,n){var t=this;addClass(t._notifPanelNode,constants.panelLoading),t._store.fetchNotifications(e,(function(e,i){var o=window.wafer&&window.wafer.base;o&&o.destroy(t._notifPanelNode),e?t._notifPanelNode.innerHTML||(t._view.render(ERROR_PANEL$1),addClass(t._notifPanelNode,constants.panelLoading)):(t._view.render(EXPANDED_PANEL$1),t._view.updateBadgeNode(t._badgeNode),t._showBadge(),t._showIndicator(),t._view.addStyles(i.css)),removeClass(t._notifPanelNode,constants.panelLoading),o&&o.sync(t._notifPanelNode.parentNode),n&&n(e,i)}))}},{key:”resetBadge”,value:function(){var e=this;e._store.resetNewCount(),e._view.updateBadgeNode(e._badgeNode),addClass(e._badgeNode,e._config.badge.hideClass)}},{key:”_showIndicator”,value:function(){this._indicatorNode&&(this._store.getNotifications().newCount?addClass(this._indicatorNode,this._config.panel.indicatorClass):removeClass(this._indicatorNode,this._config.panel.indicatorClass))}},{key:”_showBadge”,value:function(){var e=this;e._store.getNotifications().newCount?removeClass(e._badgeNode,e._config.badge.hideClass):addClass(e._badgeNode,e._config.badge.hideClass)}}]),e}(),config={promos:{eligibleBodyClass:”display-push-promos”,enableNotifOnboard:!0,bypassEligibleClassCheck:!1,notifOnboardBtnLabel:”Notify Me”,notifOnboardMsg:”Get alerts for breaking news and top stories”,promoLogo:”https://s.yimg.com/cv/apiv2/ae/news/circle_bell.png”,showYahooLogo:!0,subscriptionTopic:”gondor_homerun_news”},badge:{hideClass:””,maxCount:5,selector:””},panel:{emptyPanelMsg:”You have no new notifications.”,errorMsg:””,headerMsg:”Notifications”,imageTag:”img:40×40|2|80″,indicatorClass:”yns-indicator”,indicatorSelector:null,maxCount:6,notificationCenterNavMsg:”View all {newCount} notifications”,notificationCenterPath:””,notificationTypes:””,parentSelector:null,styleTagId:”notificationStyles”,theme:”default”},service:{attemptCount:2,attemptDelay:1,url:null,resetUrl:null,isRMP:!1,responseType:”json”,timeout:1500}},Main=function(){function e(n){classCallCheck(this,e);var t=this;t.config=t._parseConfig(n),t._validateRequiredConfigs()&&(t._request=new NotificationRequest(t.config),t._store=new NotificationStore(t.config,t._request),t._view=new NotificationView(t.config,t._store),t._panelController=new PanelController(t.config,t._store,t._view),t._panelController.createPanelParentNode(),t._assignHelperMethods())}return createClass(e,[{key:”_parseConfig”,value:function(e){var n={};for(var t in objectAssign(n,config),n)if(n.hasOwnProperty(t)){var i=n[t],o=e[t];”object”===(void 0===i?”undefined”:_typeof(i))?objectAssign(i,o):n[t]=e[t]}return n}},{key:”_validateRequiredConfigs”,value:function(){var e=this.config;return!(!e.panel.parentSelector||!e.service.url)}},{key:”_assignHelperMethods”,value:function(){var e=this;e.helpers={refreshPanelNode:e._panelController.refreshPanelNode.bind(e._panelController),resetBadge:e._panelController.resetBadge.bind(e._panelController),resetIndicator:function(){removeClass(e._panelController._indicatorNode,e.config.panel.indicatorClass)}}}}]),e}(),notificationClient_module_min=Main,notificationClient={NotificationClient:notificationClient_module_min},CONSUMPTION_STORAGE_KEY=”lnct”,NotifClient=function(){function e(){var e,n;this.personalized=!1,this.ybarElem=document.getElementById(“ybar”),this.partnerClasses=null===(n=null===(e=this.ybarElem)||void 0===e?void 0:e.className)||void 0===n?void 0:n.match(/ybar-variant-([a-z]*)/),this.client=new notificationClient.NotificationClient(this.getConfig())}return e.prototype.refreshPanel=function(){var e,n,t,i=this,o={lastUpdate:this.getTimeStamp()||this.setTimeStamp(),loadInHpViewer:!0,includePersonalized:this.personalized},r=(null===(e=window.YAHOO)||void 0===e?void 0:e.context)||(null===(n=window.Af)||void 0===n?void 0:n.context)||{};return r.region&&r.lang&&(o.lang=r.lang,o.region=r.region),(null===(t=this.partnerClasses)||void 0===t?void 0:t.length)&&(o.partner=this.partnerClasses[1]),new Promise((function(e,n){i.client.helpers.refreshPanelNode({matrixParams:o},(function(t,i){t&&(logError(“Notification refresh error:”,t),n(t)),e(i)}))}))},e.prototype.resetBadge=function(){this.client.helpers.resetBadge(),this.setTimeStamp()},e.prototype.getConfig=function(){var e,n,t,i,o={promos:{eligibleBodyClass:”display-push-promos”,enableNotifOnboard:!0},badge:{selector:”#notif-badge”,hideClass:”ybar-notification-hidden”},panel:{emptyPanelMsg:”You have no new notifications.”,errorMsg:”Please check back later.”,headerMsg:”Notifications”,maxCount:5,parentSelector:”#ybarNotificationBody”,notificationTypes:”breakingNews”},service:{url:”/tdv2_fp/api/resource/NotificationHistory.getHistory”,isRMP:!1}},r=document.getElementById(“notification-container”),s=null===(e=null==r?void 0:r.dataset)||void 0===e?void 0:e.config,a={};if(s){“att”===(null===(n=this.partnerClasses)||void 0===n?void 0:n[1])&&(o.promos.showYahooLogo=!1);try{var c=JSON.parse(s);a=__assign({},c),this.personalized=1===c.personalize}catch(e){logError(“Notifications config parsing error”,e)}r&&delete r.dataset.config}var l=this.mergeConfigs(o,a);return(null===(t=this.partnerClasses)||void 0===t?void 0:t.length)&&(null===(i=l.promos)||void 0===i?void 0:i.subscriptionTopic)&&delete l.promos.subscriptionTopic,l},e.prototype.mergeConfigs=function(e,n){var t=__assign({},e);for(var i in e)t[i]=__assign(__assign({},e[i]),n[i]);return t},e.prototype.getTimeStamp=function(){var e;return null===(e=window.localStorage)||void 0===e?void 0:e.getItem(CONSUMPTION_STORAGE_KEY)},e.prototype.setTimeStamp=function(){var e,n=””+Math.floor((new Date).getTime()/1e3);return null===(e=window.localStorage)||void 0===e||e.setItem(CONSUMPTION_STORAGE_KEY,n),n},e}(),notifClient=new NotifClient,getNotifClient=function(){return notifClient},reInit=function(){notifClient=new NotifClient},ybarRapid,ybarRapidInterval,ybarRapidErrMsg=””,beaconQueue=[],noop=function(){},logRapidError=function(){window.removeEventListener(“beforeunload”,logRapidError),””!==ybarRapidErrMsg&&logError(“Rapid not found on page”,new Error(ybarRapidErrMsg))},findRapidWithSpaceid=function(e){var n=void 0;if(e&&e.length>0)for(var t=0;t0){if(ybarRapid.addModules(o,!1,i),beaconQueue.length>0)for(e=0;e90&&fireImageBeacon(“performance”,e)}catch(e){}}),1e3)}))},measureInit=measure(“ybar-init”);initYbar(),measureInit.stop(),initPerformanceMetricsBeaconListener(),initRapid(),initErrorBeaconListener();var selected=”_yb_jzayl”,Css$7={“right-item”:”_yb_25j2b”,selected:selected,”ybar-mod-topnavigation”:”_yb_1o38m”,”ybar-mod-topnavigation-teaser-imp”:”_yb_1oij6″},DOCUMENT_NODE_TYPE=9;if(“undefined”!=typeof Element&&!Element.prototype.matches){var proto=Element.prototype;proto.matches=proto.matchesSelector||proto.mozMatchesSelector||proto.msMatchesSelector||proto.oMatchesSelector||proto.webkitMatchesSelector}function closest(e,n){for(;e&&e.nodeType!==DOCUMENT_NODE_TYPE;){if(“function”==typeof e.matches&&e.matches(n))return e;e=e.parentNode}}var closest_1=closest;function _delegate(e,n,t,i,o){var r=listener.apply(this,arguments);return e.addEventListener(t,r,o),{destroy:function(){e.removeEventListener(t,r,o)}}}function delegate(e,n,t,i,o){return”function”==typeof e.addEventListener?_delegate.apply(null,arguments):”function”==typeof t?_delegate.bind(null,document).apply(null,arguments):(“string”==typeof e&&(e=document.querySelectorAll(e)),Array.prototype.map.call(e,(function(e){return _delegate(e,n,t,i,o)})))}function listener(e,n,t,i){return function(t){t.delegateTarget=closest_1(t.target,n),t.delegateTarget&&i.call(e,t)}}var delegate_1=delegate,ListNode=function(e){this.data=e,this.next=null,this.prev=null},LinkedList=function(){function e(){this.head=null,this.tail=null}return e.prototype.push=function(e){var n=new ListNode(e);return this.head?this.tail?(n.prev=this.tail,this.tail.next=n,this.tail=n):(this.tail=n,this.tail.prev=this.head,this.head.next=this.tail):(this.head=n,n.next=this.tail),n},e.prototype.size=function(){for(var e=0,n=this.head;n;)e+=1,n=n.next;return e},e.prototype.getHead=function(){return this.head},e.prototype.getTail=function(){return this.tail},e.prototype.get=function(e){if(e>=this.size())return null;for(var n=0,t=this.head;(null==t?void 0:t.next)&&n0&&Array.prototype.forEach.call(e,(function(e){e.onerror=function(){e.onerror=null,e.style.display=”none”}}))},fixLogoOutline=function(e,n){e&&(hideOutlineOnMouseDown(“#ybar-logo”,”#ybar-logo”,n),n.onDestroy((function(){e.classList.remove(“ybar-show-outline”),e.classList.remove(“ybar-hide-outline”)})))},logoClick=function(e,n){n&&e.addElementListener(n,”click”,(function(){e.triggerEvent(“logo-click”)}))},init$4=function(e,n){n.logoImages&&hideLogosOnError(n.logoImages),n.wrapper&&(fixLogoOutline(n.wrapper,e),logoClick(e,n.wrapper))};initModule(“ybar-mod-logo”,(function(e){var n={wrapper:document.getElementById(“ybar-logo”),logoImages:document.querySelectorAll(“.”.concat(Css$6[“logo-image”]))};init$4(e,n)}));var overlay$1=”_yb_12lgy”,tooltip=”_yb_12q59″,tooltip__text=”_yb_1d5ug”,tooltip__voice=”_yb_1xpmk”,tooltip__web=”_yb_dgyn0″,dark=”_yb_183ar”,darker=”_yb_1yc1q”,light=”_yb_ygnhg”,midnight60=”_yb_18lo3″,Css$5={“dropdown-open”:”_yb_1dctr”,”merchant-is-selected”:”_yb_18dyt”,overlay:overlay$1,”selected-merchant-clear-button”:”_yb_mo1c8″,”shops-buttons”:”_yb_2zvzp”,”styled-select”:”_yb_couwt”,tooltip:tooltip,”tooltip–show”:”_yb_cbae6″,tooltip__text:tooltip__text,tooltip__voice:tooltip__voice,tooltip__web:tooltip__web,dark:dark,darker:darker,light:light,midnight60:midnight60},range=function(e,n){var t=Math.max(e,n),i=Math.min(e,n),o=Math.abs(t-i);return __spreadArray([],new Array(o+1),!0).map((function(e,n){return i+n}))},openSearchOverlay=function(e,n,t){var i=e.getConfig().bucketConfig,o=(void 0===i?{}:i).enable_search_ui,r=void 0!==o&&o;if(n.ybar){n.ybar.classList.add(“ybar-searchbox-assist-fullscreen”),document.documentElement.classList.add(“ybar-overlay”),document.body.classList.add(“ybar-overlay-noscroll”);beaconClick(“ybar”,”websrch”,””,{elm:”expand”,subsec:”searchbox”,itc:”1″}),setTimeout((function(){n.searchInput instanceof HTMLInputElement&&(t&&(n.searchInput.value=t),n.searchInput.focus(),r&&n.searchInput.click())}))}},closeSearchOverlay=function(e){var n;null===(n=e.ybar)||void 0===n||n.classList.remove(“ybar-searchbox-assist-fullscreen”),document.documentElement.classList.remove(“ybar-overlay”),document.body.classList.remove(“ybar-overlay-noscroll”),e.searchInput instanceof HTMLInputElement&&(e.searchInput.value=””,e.searchInput.blur())},initMweb=function(e,n){“smartphone”===e.getConfig().device&&(e.addElementListener(n.searchBoxPlaceholder,”click”,(function(){openSearchOverlay(e,n)})),e.addElementListener(n.searchBoxPlaceholder,”keydown”,(function(t){var i=t,o=i.keyCode,r=i.key,s=range(65,90),a=__spreadArray(__spreadArray([],range(58,57),!0),range(96,105),!0),c=__spreadArray(__spreadArray([],s,!0),a,!0).includes(o);(32===o||13===o||c)&&(t.preventDefault(),t.stopPropagation(),openSearchOverlay(e,n,c?r:””))})),n.searchBoxBackButton&&(e.addElementListener(n.searchBoxBackButton,”click”,(function(e){e.stopPropagation(),closeSearchOverlay(n);beaconClick(“ybar”,”back-close-srch”,””,{elm:”btn”,subsec:”searchbox”,itc:”1″})})),e.addElementListener(n.searchInput,”keyup”,(function(e){e.stopPropagation();27===e.keyCode&&(e.stopPropagation(),closeSearchOverlay(n))}))),e.onDestroy((function(){closeSearchOverlay(n)})))},Tooltip=function(){function e(e,n,t){n&&(this.ybar=e,this.elem=n,this.options=t,this.show=this.show.bind(this),this.hide=this.hide.bind(this),this.addEventListeners())}return Object.defineProperty(e.prototype,”tooltip”,{get:function(){var e=this;return this.tooltipMarkup||(this.tooltipMarkup=this.createTooltip(),(this.options.tooltipParentElm||this.elem).appendChild(this.tooltipMarkup),this.ybar.onDestroy((function(){var n,t;null===(t=null===(n=e.tooltipMarkup)||void 0===n?void 0:n.parentNode)||void 0===t||t.removeChild(e.tooltipMarkup)}))),this.tooltipMarkup},enumerable:!1,configurable:!0}),e.prototype.show=function(){this.tooltip.classList.add(this.options.showClass)},e.prototype.hide=function(){this.tooltip.classList.remove(this.options.showClass)},e.prototype.addEventListeners=function(){this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,”mouseenter”,this.show),this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,”focus”,this.show),this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,”mouseleave”,this.hide),this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,”blur”,this.hide)},e.prototype.createTooltip=function(){var e=document.createElement(“div”);e.className=this.options.containerClass||””;var n=document.createElement(“p”);return n.textContent=this.options.label,n.className=this.options.textClass||””,e.appendChild(n),e},e}();createCommonjsModule((function(module){(function(){var __webpack_modules__={“./src/index.js”:
/*!**********************!*
!*** ./src/index.js ***!
**********************/function(__unused_webpack_module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval(“var I18n = __webpack_require__(/*! ./lib/I18n */ “./src/lib/I18n.js”);nn(function (win, doc) {n “use strict”;nn var defaultConfig = {n uiLang: ‘en-US’,n speechLang: ‘en-US’,n voiceButton: ‘#voice-btn’,n searchBox: {n form: ‘#sf’,n input: ‘#yschsp’,n params: {n fr: ”,n fr2: ”n }n },n enable_voice_trending: false,n trending: {n market: “en-us”n },n ui: {n speechOverlay: {n disableBlur: falsen }n },n browsers: {n edge: falsen }n };nn function VoiceSearch(config) {n var self = this;n self.config = Object.assign(defaultConfig, config || {});n self.i18n = new VoiceSearch.I18n({n lang: self.config.uiLangn });n self.renderPermissionGuide(self);n self.renderSpeechPanel(self);n self.speechResult = ”;n self.noSpeech = true;n self.isRecognitionStart = false;n self.recognition = null;n self.voiceButton = doc.querySelector(self.config.voiceButton);n self.searchBoxForm = doc.querySelector(self.config.searchBox.form);n self.searchBoxQuery = doc.querySelector(self.config.searchBox.input);n self.speechPanel = doc.querySelector(‘#spch’);n self.speechButtonContainer = doc.querySelector(‘#spchbc’);n self.speechButton = doc.querySelector(‘#spchbc-btn’);n self.speechText = doc.querySelector(‘#spcht’);n self.speechOverlay = doc.getElementById(‘spch-overlay’);n self.retryLink = doc.querySelector(‘#spcht-retry’);n self.trending = doc.getElementById(‘spch-trending’);n self.trendingTerms = doc.getElementById(‘trending-terms’);n self.termSpans = doc.getElementsByClassName(“trending-term”);n self.closeButton = doc.querySelector(‘#spchx’);n self.startAudio = new Audio(‘https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-start-202105050733.wav’);n self.resultAudio = new Audio(‘https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-result-202105050733.wav’);n self.errorAudio = new Audio(‘https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-error-202105050733.wav’);n self.closeAudio = new Audio(‘https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-close-202105050733.wav’);n self.permissionGuide = doc.querySelector(‘#spchp’);n self.permissionGuideClose = doc.querySelector(‘#spchpx’);n self.permissionGuideTimer = null;nn self.onEscKeyDown = function (e) {n if (e.code !== ‘Escape’) {n return;n }nn self.recognition.stop();n self.sendBeacon(‘keybrd’, ‘voicesearch_cancel_esc’); // The clean up should put inside closePanel() instead of here,n // or func won’t be cleaned up if user close panel with btn or overlaynn self.closePanel(self);n };nn if (self.isBrowserSupported()) {n var SpeechRecognition = win.SpeechRecognition || win.webkitSpeechRecognition;n var SpeechGrammarList = win.SpeechGrammarList || win.webkitSpeechGrammarList;n var speechGrammar = ‘#JSGF V1.0;’;n self.recognition = new SpeechRecognition();n var speechRecognitionList = new SpeechGrammarList();nn if (speechRecognitionList.addFromString) {n speechRecognitionList.addFromString(speechGrammar, 1);n }nn self.recognition.grammars = speechRecognitionList;n self.recognition.continuous = false;n self.recognition.lang = self.config.speechLang;n self.recognition.interimResults = false;n self.recognition.maxAlternatives = 1;n /* Listeners */nn if (self.voiceButton) {n self.voiceButton.onclick = function () {n self.recognition.start();nn if (self.permissionGuideTimer) {n win.clearTimeout(self.permissionGuideTimer);n }nn self.permissionGuideTimer = win.setTimeout(function () {n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {n self.showPermissionGuide(self);n }n }, 300); // Also close when pressing escnn doc.addEventListener(‘keydown’, self.onEscKeyDown);n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch’);n };n }nn if (self.speechButton) {n self.speechButton.onclick = function () {n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {n self.recognition.start();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_panel_mic_restart’);n } else {n self.recognition.stop();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_panel_mic_close’);n self.closePanel(self);n }n };n }nn if (self.retryLink) {n self.retryLink.onclick = function () {n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {n self.recognition.start();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_panel_retry’);n }n };n }nn if (self.speechOverlay) {n self.speechOverlay.onclick = function () {n self.recognition.stop();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_cancel_outside’);n self.closePanel(self);n };n }nn if (self.closeButton) {n self.closeButton.onclick = functionn /*event*/n () {n self.recognition.stop();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_cancel’);n self.closePanel(self);n };n }nn if (self.permissionGuideClose) {n self.permissionGuideClose.onclick = functionn /*event*/n () {n self.recognition.stop();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_permission_close’);n self.closeAudio.play();n self.hidePermissionGuide(self);n };n }n /* Recognition Events */nnn self.recognition.onresult = function (event) {n // The SpeechRecognitionEvent results property returns a SpeechRecognitionResultList objectn // The SpeechRecognitionResultList object contains SpeechRecognitionResult objects.n // It has a getter so it can be accessed like an arrayn // The first [0] returns the SpeechRecognitionResult at the last position.n // Each SpeechRecognitionResult object contains SpeechRecognitionAlternative objects that contain individual results.n // These also have getters so they can be accessed like arrays.n // The second [0] returns the SpeechRecognitionAlternative at position 0.n // We then return the transcript property of the SpeechRecognitionAlternative objectn // console.log(‘Confidence: ‘ + event.results[0][0].confidence);n self.speechResult = event.results[0][0].transcript;n /* Punctuation Handling: Check last character and strip it if necessary */nn self.handlePunctuation(self);nn if (self.speechText) {n self.speechText.innerText = self.speechResult;n }nn if (self.searchBoxQuery) {n self.searchBoxQuery.value = self.speechResult;n }nn self.resultAudio.play();n win.setTimeout(function () {n if (self.speechPanel) {n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(“s2tb”);n self.speechPanel.classList.add(“s2tb-h”);n }nn self.hideRetryLink(self);nn if (self.searchBoxForm) {n var inputFr = self.searchBoxForm.querySelector(‘[name=fr]’);n var inputFr2 = self.searchBoxForm.querySelector(‘[name=fr2]’);nn if (inputFr && self.config.searchBox && self.config.searchBox.params && self.config.searchBox.params.fr) {n inputFr.value = config.searchBox.params.fr;n inputFr.disabled = false; // for homepage casen }nn if (inputFr2 && self.config.searchBox && self.config.searchBox.params && self.config.searchBox.params.fr2) {n inputFr2.value = config.searchBox.params.fr2;n inputFr2.disabled = false; // for homepage casen }nn self.searchBoxForm.submit();n }n }, 1000);n };nn self.recognition.onspeechstart = functionn /*event*/n () {// Fired when speech startsn };nn self.recognition.onspeechend = function () {n // Fired when speech endsn self.recognition.stop();n };nn self.recognition.onerror = functionn /*event*/n () {n // console.log(‘Error occurred in recognition: ‘ + event.error);n if (self.speechText) {n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_error’);n }nn self.hideTrending(self);n self.showRetryLink(self);n self.errorAudio.play();n };nn self.recognition.onaudiostart = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when the user agent has started to capture audio.n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.add(“listening”);n }n };nn self.recognition.onaudioend = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when the user agent has finished capturing audio.n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(“listening”);n }n };nn self.recognition.onsoundstart = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when any sound — recognisable speech or not — has been detected.n self.hideTrending(self);n self.noSpeech = false;nn if (self.speechButtonContainer) {n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(“listening”);n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.add(“speaking”);n }n };nn self.recognition.onsoundend = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when no sound presentn if (self.speechButtonContainer) {n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(“speaking”);n }n };nn self.recognition.onstart = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when the speech recognition service has begun listeningn self.recognitionInit(self);n self.startRecognition(self);n };nn self.recognition.onend = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when the speech recognition service has disconnected.n self.isRecognitionStart = false;nn if (self.noSpeech == false && self.speechResult == ”) {n // No match: Fired when the speech recognition can’t recognise speechn if (self.speechText) {n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_nomatch’);n }nn self.hideTrending(self);n self.showRetryLink(self);n self.errorAudio.play();n }n }; // trigger onReady event when initializednnn if (document && document.dispatchEvent) {n document.dispatchEvent(new Event(‘VOICE_JS_READY’));n }n }n } // static membersnnn VoiceSearch.I18n = I18n; // instance membersnn VoiceSearch.prototype.renderPermissionGuide = function (self) {n var tmpl = “\n

\n \n

\n

\n \n

\n

\n

“.concat(self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.permission_title’), “

\n

“).concat(self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.permission_text’), “

\n

\n

\n

\n “);n var dom = new DOMParser().parseFromString(tmpl, ‘text/html’);n document.body.appendChild(dom.body.children[0]);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.renderSpeechPanel = function (self) {n var tmpl = “\n

\n \n \n

\n

\n

\n \n \n \n \n \n \n

\n

\n

\n \n \n “.concat(self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_retry’), “\n

\n

\n

\n

\n

\n

\n “).concat(self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.trending_title’), “\n \n

\n

\n

\n “);n var dom = new DOMParser().parseFromString(tmpl, ‘text/html’);nn if (self && self.config && self.config.ui && self.config.ui.speechOverlay && self.config.ui.speechOverlay.disableBlur) {n dom.body.children[0].classList.add(‘disable-blur-overlay’);n }nn document.body.appendChild(dom.body.children[0]);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.isBrowserSupported = function () {n var isSupported = false;n var self = this;n var isChromium = Boolean(window.chrome);n var isIOSChrome = /CriOS/.test(window.navigator.userAgent);n var isEdge = /Edg\//.test(window.navigator.userAgent);n var isLegacyEdge = /Edge\//.test(window.navigator.userAgent);n var isOpera = Boolean(window.opr);n var isBrave = Boolean(window.navigator.brave);n var browsers = [// chromen {n checkEnabled: function checkEnabled() {n return true;n },n checkBrowser: function checkBrowser() {n return isChromium && !isIOSChrome && !isEdge && !isOpera && !isBrave;n },n checkAPI: function checkAPI() {n return win && (‘SpeechRecognition’ in win || ‘webkitSpeechRecognition’ in win) && (‘SpeechGrammarList’ in win || ‘webkitSpeechGrammarList’ in win);n }n }, // edgen {n checkEnabled: function checkEnabled() {n return self && self.config && self.config.browsers && self.config.browsers.edge;n },n checkBrowser: function checkBrowser() {n return isChromium && isEdge && !isLegacyEdge;n },n checkAPI: function checkAPI() {n return win && (‘SpeechRecognition’ in win || ‘webkitSpeechRecognition’ in win) && (‘SpeechGrammarList’ in win || ‘webkitSpeechGrammarList’ in win);n }n }];nn for (var b = 0; b < browsers.length; b++) {n var browser = browsers[b];nn if (browser && browser.checkBrowser && browser.checkBrowser() && browser.checkEnabled && browser.checkEnabled(self) && browser.checkAPI && browser.checkAPI()) {n isSupported = true;n }n }nn return isSupported;n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.recognitionInit = function (self) {n // Initialize flags for checking whether user is speaking or notn self.speechResult = ”;n self.noSpeech = true;n self.isRecognitionStart = true;n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.showPermissionGuide = function (self) {n if (self.permissionGuide) {n self.permissionGuide.classList.remove(“hide”);n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.hidePermissionGuide = function (self) {n if (self.permissionGuide) {n self.permissionGuide.classList.add(“hide”);n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.getTrending = function (self) {n // Call api for trending termsn if (!self.config.enable_voice_trending || !self.trending) {n return;n }nn var url = “https://api.search.yahoo.com/data/v3/search?appid=4d234a9d&market=” + self.config.trending.market + “&features=trending.voice”;n self.ajaxReq(url, function (resBody) {n if (!resBody || !resBody.response || !resBody.response.search || !resBody.response.search.results || !resBody.response.search.results[“trending.voice”]) {n return;n }nn var terms = resBody.response.search.results[“trending.voice”].data;n self.showTrending(self, terms);n });n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.showTrending = function (self, terms) {n // params checkn if (!Array.isArray(terms) || terms.length < 3) {n return;n } // DOM checknnn if (!self.trending || !self.termSpans || !self.termSpans[0]) {n return;n }nn var trendingLabel = ”;n trendingLabel += ‘”‘ + terms[0].text + ‘”‘ + ‘, ‘;n trendingLabel += ‘”‘ + terms[1].text + ‘”‘ + ‘ ‘;n trendingLabel += self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.trending_or’) + ‘ ‘;n trendingLabel += ‘”‘ + terms[2].text + ‘”‘;n self.termSpans[0].innerText = trendingLabel;n self.trending.classList.remove(“hide”);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.hideTrending = function (self) {n if (!self.trending) {n return;n }nn self.trending.classList.add(“hide”);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.showRetryLink = function (self) {n if (self.retryLink) {n self.retryLink.innerText = self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_retry’);n self.retryLink.classList.remove(“hide”);n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.hideRetryLink = function (self) {n if (self.retryLink) {n self.retryLink.classList.add(“hide”);n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.startRecognition = function (self) {n self.hidePermissionGuide(self);n self.getTrending(self);n self.startAudio.play();nn if (self.speechText) {n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_start’);n win.setTimeout(function () {n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_listening’);n }, 2000);n }nn if (self.speechPanel) {n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(“s2tb-h”);n self.speechPanel.classList.add(“s2tb”);n }nn self.hideRetryLink(self);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.closePanel = function (self) {n self.closeAudio.play();n win.setTimeout(function () {n if (self.speechPanel) {n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(“s2tb”);n self.speechPanel.classList.add(“s2tb-h”);n }nn self.hideTrending(self);n self.hideRetryLink(self); // clean up esc listenernn doc.removeEventListener(‘keydown’, self.onEscKeyDown);n }, 100);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.handlePunctuation = function (self) {n if (self.speechResult.length > 0) {n var lastChar = self.speechResult.charAt(self.speechResult.length – 1);nn if (lastChar === ‘.’ || lastChar === ‘?’ || lastChar === ‘。’ || lastChar === ‘?’) {n self.speechResult = self.speechResult.slice(0, -1);n }n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.sendBeacon = function (actn, slk) {n var ULT = win.YAHOO.ULT || {},n SB = win.YAHOO.SB || {};nn if (ULT.beacon_click) {n var trackParams = {n _S: SB.config.i13n.spaceid,n _I: SB.config.i13n.pvid,n actn: actn,n sec: ‘search’,n slk: slkn };n win.YAHOO.ULT.beacon_click(trackParams);n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.ajaxReq = function (url, callback) {n var DONE_STATE = XMLHttpRequest.DONE || 4; // for IE-compatibilitynn var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();n var responseRaw;n var response; // CORS request only for IE8/IE9nn if (doc.documentMode && doc.documentMode < 10) {n var xdr = new win.XDomainRequest();nn xdr.onload = function () {n try {n response = JSON.parse(responseRaw);n callback(response);n } catch (err) {n return;n }n };nn xhr.open(‘GET’, url);n xhr.send();n return;n } // CORS request for browers newer than IE9nnn xhr.onreadystatechange = function () {n if (xhr.readyState !== DONE_STATE) {n return;n } // handle ajax responsennn switch (xhr.status) {n case 200:n responseRaw = xhr.responseText;nn try {n response = JSON.parse(responseRaw);n callback(response);n } catch (err) {n return;n }nn break;nn default:n // non-200 status code: retry or assume failuren callback(response);n break;n }n };nn xhr.open(‘GET’, url, true);n /* aync request */nn xhr.timeout = 10000;n xhr.send();n };nn if (!win.YAHOO) {n win.YAHOO = {};n }nn if (!win.YAHOO.Util) {n win.YAHOO.Util = {};n }nn win.YAHOO.Util.VoiceSearch = VoiceSearch;n})(window, document);nn//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/index.js?”)},”./src/lib/I18n.js”:
/*!*************************!*
!*** ./src/lib/I18n.js ***!
*************************/function(module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval(“module.exports = function () {n var LANG_LIST = __webpack_require__(/*! ./lang_list.json */ “./src/lib/lang_list.json”);nn var DEFAULT_LANG = ‘default’;nn var isValidLang = function isValidLang(lang) {n return LANG_LIST.indexOf(lang) !== -1;n }; // convert language strings to key-value mapnnn var buildStrMap = function buildStrMap(langStrings) {n return langStrings.reduce(function (strMap, item) {n strMap[item.id] = item.defaultMessage;n return strMap;n }, {});n };nn var I18n = function I18n(options) {n // initializen this.lang = isValidLang(options && options.lang) ? options.lang : DEFAULT_LANG;n }; // static membersnnn I18n.langMap = {};n I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG] = buildStrMap(__webpack_require__(/*! ../lang/strings.json */ “./src/lang/strings.json”));nn I18n.setLangMap = function (lang, strings) {n if (lang && strings) {n I18n.langMap[lang] = buildStrMap(strings);n }n }; // instance membersnnn I18n.prototype = {n t: function t(id) {n switch (true) {n // look up target languagen case Boolean(I18n.langMap && I18n.langMap[this.lang] && I18n.langMap[this.lang][id]):n return I18n.langMap[this.lang][id];n // fallback to default stringsnn case Boolean(I18n.langMap && I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG] && I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG][id]):n return I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG][id];nn default:n return ”;n }n }n };n return I18n;n}();nn//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/lib/I18n.js?”)},”./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./src/index.css”:
/*!*******************************************************************************************************!*
!*** ./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./src/index.css ***!
*******************************************************************************************************/function(module,__webpack_exports__,__webpack_require__){eval(‘__webpack_require__.r(__webpack_exports__);n/* harmony import */ var _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0__ = __webpack_require__(/*! ../node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js */ “./node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js”);n/* harmony import */ var _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0___default = /*#__PURE__*/__webpack_require__.n(_node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0__);n// Importsnnvar ___CSS_LOADER_EXPORT___ = _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0___default()(function(i){return i[1]});n// Modulen___CSS_LOADER_EXPORT___.push([module.id, “/* Sprites */\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite,\n#spchp .close-button,\n#spch .close-button,\n#spch .spchc .microphone,\n#spch .spchc .speaking .microphone {\n background-image: url(https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/voiceSearch1x-1620383531565.min.png);\n background-repeat: no-repeat;\n background-size: initial;\n color: transparent;\n}\n/* Retina displays */\n@media\n only screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2),\n only screen and (min-device-pixel-ratio: 2),\n only screen and (min-resolution: 192dpi),\n only screen and (min-resolution: 2dppx) {\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite,\n#spchp .close-button,\n#spch .close-button,\n#spch .spchc .microphone,\n#spch .spchc .speaking .microphone {\n background-size: 41px 330px;\n background-image: url(https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/voiceSearch2x-1620383531565.min.png)\n}\n }\n\n/* permission guide */\n#spchp.permission-guide {\n height: 100%;\n width: 100%;\n padding: 0;\n opacity: 0.9;\n background-color: #fff;\n left: 0;\n overflow: hidden;\n position: fixed;\n text-align: left;\n top: 0;\n z-index: 10000;\n transition: visibility 0s linear 0.218s, background-color 0.218s;\n}\n#spchp.permission-guide .close-button {\n background-position: 0 0;\n width: 24px;\n height: 24px;\n border: none;\n cursor: pointer;\n right: 0;\n margin: 20px;\n padding: 0;\n position: absolute;\n top: 0;\n z-index: 10;\n opacity: 0.8;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .close-button:hover {\n opacity: 1;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide {\n margin: 191px 0 0 507px;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone {\n height: 68px;\n width: 52px;\n border-right: 1px solid #232a31;\n float: left;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite {\n background-position: 0 -105px;\n width: 28px;\n height: 28px;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text {\n height: 68px;\n margin-left: 24px;\n float: left;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text .title {\n color: #232a31;\n font-size: 32px;\n font-family: HelveticaNeue-Bold;\n line-height: 28px;\n margin-bottom: 16px;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text .text {\n color: #232a31;\n font-size: 16px;\n line-height: 28px;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide.hide {\n display: none;\n }\n\n/* speech panel */\n#spch.spch {\n background: #fff;\n height: 100%;\n left: 0;\n opacity: 0;\n overflow: hidden;\n position: fixed;\n text-align: left;\n top: 0;\n visibility: hidden;\n width: 100%;\n z-index: 10000;\n transition: visibility 0s linear 0.218s, background-color 0.218s;\n}\n#spch.spch .close-button {\n background-position: 0 0;\n width: 24px;\n height: 24px;\n border: none;\n cursor: pointer;\n right: 0;\n margin: 20px;\n padding: 0;\n position: absolute;\n top: 0;\n z-index: 10;\n opacity: 0.8;\n }\n#spch.spch .close-button:hover {\n opacity: 1;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc {\n display: block;\n height: 97px;\n pointer-events: none;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container {\n width: 100%;\n height: 100%;\n opacity: 0.1;\n pointer-events: none;\n transition: opacity 0.318s ease-in;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .spch-control {\n display: inline-block;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container {\n float: left;\n height: 91px;\n overflow: hidden;\n margin: 3px 0;\n pointer-events: none;\n width: calc(50% – 48.5px);\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container p {\n display: table-cell;\n vertical-align: middle;\n width: 550px;\n height: 97px;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container .spcht {\n font-weight: normal;\n color: #6e7780;\n line-height: normal;\n opacity: 0;\n pointer-events: none;\n text-align: left;\n -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;\n transition: opacity 0.1s ease-in, margin-left 0.5s ease-in, top 0s linear 0.218s;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container .spcht.hide {\n display: none;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container #spcht-retry {\n color: #0f69ff;\n cursor: pointer;\n pointer-events: auto;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container {\n pointer-events: none;\n position: relative;\n transition: transform 0.218s, opacity 0.218s ease-in;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container .button {\n background-color: #fff;\n border: 1px solid #eee;\n border-radius: 100%;\n bottom: 0;\n box-shadow: 0 2px 5px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);\n cursor: pointer;\n display: inline-block;\n left: 0;\n opacity: 0;\n pointer-events: none;\n position: absolute;\n right: 0;\n top: 0;\n transition: background-color 0.218s, border 0.218s, box-shadow 0.218s;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container .button .microphone {\n background-position: 0 -24px;\n width: 41px;\n height: 41px;\n left: 27px;\n pointer-events: none;\n position: absolute;\n top: 27px;\n transform: scale(1);\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple {\n position: absolute;\n width: 136px;\n height: 136px;\n z-index: -1;\n left: 50%;\n top: 50%;\n opacity: 0;\n margin: -70px 0 0 -70px;\n border-radius: 100px;\n -webkit-animation: ripple 3.3s infinite;\n animation: ripple 3.3s infinite;\n background-color: #fff !important;\n border: 2px solid #e0e4e9;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple:nth-child(2) {\n -webkit-animation-delay: 1.1s;\n animation-delay: 1.1s;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple:nth-child(3) {\n -webkit-animation-delay: 2.2s;\n animation-delay: 2.2s;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .button {\n background-color: #0f69ff;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .button .microphone {\n background-position: 0 -65px;\n width: 40px;\n height: 40px;\n pointer-events: none;\n position: absolute;\n transform: scale(1);\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple {\n background-size: 114px;\n position: absolute;\n width: 114px;\n height: 114px;\n z-index: -1;\n left: 50%;\n top: 50%;\n margin: -57px 0 0 -57px;\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple1 2s infinite;\n animation: speakingRipple1 2s infinite;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple:nth-child(2) {\n background-size: 123px;\n width: 123px;\n height: 123px;\n margin: -62px 0 0 -62px;\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple2 2s infinite;\n animation: speakingRipple2 2s infinite;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple:nth-child(3) {\n background-size: 136px;\n width: 136px;\n height: 136px;\n margin: -68px 0 0 -68px;\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple3 2s infinite;\n animation: speakingRipple3 2s infinite;\n }\n#spch.spch .spcho {\n background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, rgb(255, 255, 255) 50%, rgba(255, 255, 255, 0) 99%);\n display: block;\n min-width: 100%;\n text-align: center;\n top: 145px;\n padding-bottom: 71px;\n pointer-events: auto;\n }\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending {\n -webkit-animation: fadeIn 1s forwards;\n animation: fadeIn 1s forwards;\n opacity: 0;\n }\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending .trending {\n color: 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(Bloomberg) — In the aluminum industry, closing a smelter is an agonizing decision. Once power is cut and the production “pots” settle back to room temperature, it can take many months and tens of millions of dollars to bring them back online.

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Yet Norsk Hydro ASA is preparing this month to do exactly that at a huge plant in Slovakia. And it’s not the only one — European production has dropped to the lowest levels since the 1970s and industry insiders say the escalating energy crisis is now threatening to create an extinction event across large swathes of the region’s aluminum production.

The explanation lies in aluminum’s nickname: “congealed electricity.” The metal — used in a huge range of products, from car frames and soda cans to ballistic missiles — is produced by heating raw materials until they dissolve, and then running an electric current through the pot, making it massively power intensive. One ton of aluminum requires about 15 megawatt-hours of electricity, enough to power five homes in Germany for a year.

Some smelters are protected by government subsidies, long-term electricity deals or access to their own renewable power, but the rest face an uncertain future.

“History has proven, once aluminum smelters go away, they don’t come back,” said Mark Hansen, chief executive of metals trading house Concord Resources Ltd. “There is an argument which extends beyond employment: this is an important base metal commodity, it goes into aircraft, weapons, transport and machinery.”

As production drops, the hundreds of European manufacturers that turn metal into parts for German cars or French airplanes are left increasingly reliant on imports that could get costlier. Some buyers are also trying to avoid metal from Russia, which is usually a big supplier to Europe.

The industry says it urgently needs government support to survive. However, any measures like fixed price caps to keep power-hungry plants running may be difficult to justify while consumers face soaring power bills and the threat of rationing and blackouts looms.

Read: Europe Looks Set for Energy Rationing after Russian Cut

The woes of the aluminum sector offer a striking example of what’s playing out in Europe’s energy-intensive industries: across the continent, fertilizer makers, cement plants, steel mills and zinc smelters are also shutting down rather than pay eye-watering prices for gas and electricity.

Most worryingly for the region’s manufacturing sector: it may not simply be a case of shutting for the winter. Power prices for 2024 and 2025 have also soared, threatening the long-term viability of many industries.

At recent market prices, the annual power bill for the Slovalco smelter would be around two billion euros, according to Chief Executive Officer Milan Vesely. Slovalco decided to mothball the plant due to a combination of surging energy prices and a lack of emissions compensation that is available to smelters elsewhere in the bloc.

Restarting the plant — which could take up to a year — will only be possible through some combination of cheaper power, a sharp rise in aluminum prices, and additional government support, Vesely said in an interview this week at the site.

“This is a genuine existential crisis,” said Paul Voss, director-general of European Aluminium, which represents the region’s biggest producers and processors. “We really need to sort something quite quickly, otherwise there will be nothing left to fix.”

Combined with import tariffs that Europe’s struggling producers have fought hard to put in place, the rising cost of energy could leave manufacturers facing an increasingly large premium over prevailing international prices in order to secure supply, in a further blow to Europe’s competitive standing in the global industrial economy.

“There will be nothing left to fix”

Producers of other metals like zinc and copper are hurting badly too, but the vast amounts of power needed to make aluminum have made the sector particularly unprofitable.

In Germany, the power needed to produce a ton of aluminum would have cost roughly $4,200 in the spot market on Friday after topping more than $10,000 last month, according to Bloomberg calculations. The London Metal Exchange futures price was around $2,300 a ton on Friday. That means curtailments look set to accelerate over the winter.

“Whenever we get downturns in economic growth and smelter margins come under pressure, we see European smelters shutting a decent portion of capacity,” said Uday Patel, senior research manager at Wood Mackenzie. “When things improve, there are some smelters that never come back online.”

Wood Mackenzie estimates that Europe has already lost about 1 million tons of its annual aluminum production capacity, and Patel said he expects that about 25% of that may be curtailed permanently. Another 500,000 tons is “highly vulnerable” to closure, Wood Mackenzie estimates.

The curtailments have had little impact on aluminum prices, which have fallen by more than 40% since a peak in March as traders brace for a global slump in demand that could be even more severe.

But while Europe’s production losses account for about 1.5% of global supply, they will leave consumers in Europe increasingly reliant on imports that will be costlier and carry a heavier carbon footprint.

Already, European manufacturers are paying hefty delivery fees to get aluminum shipped to local ports, and further increases could leave them in an increasingly uncompetitive position relative to peers across Asia and the US.

The energy crisis is also rippling quickly down the supply chain to companies that buy aluminum from smelters and transform it into specialist products used in everything from cars to food packaging.

They use significant amounts of gas in the process, and many are looking to pass on their surging energy costs via contractual surcharges that could bake in additional costs for manufacturers for years to come.

“The smelter curtailments are only the tip of the iceberg, because you also have downstream players who are buying prime metal and transforming it into products for use in sectors like beverage cans and automotives,” said Michel Van Hoey, a senior partner at McKinsey & Co. These companies have typically seen a ten-fold increase in their energy bills and “will not be able to fully pass on those costs without some degree of demand destruction or import substitution.”

At Slovalco, Vesely — who has worked at the company since 1989 — is hopeful it will be able to reopen the plant once energy prices fall, but acknowledges the risk that it could remain offline for years.

“Something must be done if we don’t want to destroy European aluminum production,” he said. “If Europe considers aluminum as a strategic metal, then aluminum plants should have guaranteed prices of electricity.”

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Bloomberg

Surge in Real Rates Hits Every Asset on Wall Street and Beyond

(Bloomberg) — A big pandemic-era distortion in the world of finance is well and truly over — and the new normal is helping fuel the worst cross-asset selloff in decades. Most Read from BloombergAmazon Closes, Abandons Plans for Dozens of US WarehousesUK Slips Behind India to Become World’s Sixth Biggest EconomyEurope’s Energy Crisis Deepens After Russia Keeps Pipeline ShutBrace for ‘Recession Shock’ as Outflows Rock Equities, Bank of America SaysSoros-Backed Fund’s Christmas Night Trading Fren

Bloomberg

Browbeaten Stock Bulls Wilt in the Face of Rising Fed Hostility

(Bloomberg) — In retrospect, bulls should maybe have been more worried that one of the most reliable tools the Federal Reserve has for subduing inflation is to scare the US equity market. They’re getting the message now.Most Read from BloombergAmazon Closes, Abandons Plans for Dozens of US WarehousesUK Slips Behind India to Become World’s Sixth Biggest EconomyEurope’s Energy Crisis Deepens After Russia Keeps Pipeline ShutBrace for ‘Recession Shock’ as Outflows Rock Equities, Bank of America Say

The Wall Street Journal

ArcelorMittal to Close Two Steel Plants Amid European Energy Crisis

ArcelorMittal one of the world’s largest steelmakers, said it plans to close two of its plants in Germany amid soaring electricity costs. Luxembourg-based ArcelorMittal said separately on Thursday that it will close a blast furnace in Spain amid low demand. On Friday, it said the company will close a blast furnace in Bremen, Germany, in the country’s north, and a plant that produces wire rod in Hamburg.

Bloomberg

Ukraine Latest: Zelenskiy Says Moscow Aims to Sow Energy Chaos

(Bloomberg) — Most Read from BloombergAmazon Closes, Abandons Plans for Dozens of US WarehousesUK Slips Behind India to Become World’s Sixth Biggest EconomyEurope’s Energy Crisis Deepens After Russia Keeps Pipeline ShutBrace for ‘Recession Shock’ as Outflows Rock Equities, Bank of America SaysSoros-Backed Fund’s Christmas Night Trading Frenzy Led to ArrestUkraine’s president said Moscow is looking to sow “political chaos” by manipulating Europe’s energy supplies. “This winter, Russia is prepari

Benzinga

Goldman Sachs Sees Opportunity In Commodities, But The Greatest Long-Term Gains Likely In Farmland

Last week, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell swayed the market again after making remarks about inflation. Powell confirmed that lowering inflation would be a costly fight in terms of jobs and economic growth. The blunt message may be ominous, but the honesty could be interpreted as refreshing. Powell shared that the Fed’s “overarching focus right now is to bring inflation back down to our 2% goal.” Powell later provided some context on how that might be possible. About a potential 0.75% ra

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